15. The Evolution of Agricultural Technology, Rosen Publishing Group, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Johanson, Paula and Marie, Paula (2018) 15. The Evolution of Agricultural Technology, Rosen Publishing Group, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central. Rosen Publishing Group, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central.

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Abstract

Johanson, Paula, and Paula Marie. The Evolution of Agricultural Technology, Rosen Publishing Group, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/polije-ebooks/detail.action?docID=5400179. Created from polije-ebooks on 2020-01-24 00:11:45. People have always used technology to help them�selves get food and eat it—that is, if we consider that technology includes everything from basic stone tools to advanced computer programs. Today, people have access to an amazing variety of foods from all over the world, partly thanks to modern technology and partly because of ancient inventions. However, agricultural technology has still not solved problems like famine and malnutrition, and many people have unequal access to nutritious foods. These and ad�ditional challenges, such as global warming, mean that sustainable agriculture will be vital to our future. Agriculture has no single, simple origin. It devel�oped gradually and independently in many regions of the world. People everywhere were already adept at finding wild plants and animals they could eat. As they turned from gathering wild foods, as well as hunt�ing and fishing, to agriculture, they developed new kinds of tools and ways of creating food. In addition to stone tools, they made tools out of antlers and bones, posts and digging sticks out of wood, fishing nets out of plant fibers, storage containers out of gourds, and baskets out of grass and leaves. Over many thou�sands of years people made more efficient tools, and they became more organized at growing food.People domesticated a wide variety of plants and animals at different times. Parts of the Middle East have traces of grain farming from thousands of years ago. Agriculture might have begun even earlier in Southeast Asia. Both of those areas were rich in animals suitable for domestication and in varieties of plants, and both had mild climates. Additionally, agriculture was developed in East Asia and in the Americas thousands of years ago. People didn’t always domesticate the animals around them, especially those in water. Sometimes trapping animals or rais�ing them in enclosures was easier than completely domesticating them. People built fish weirs to trap fish in rivers and estuaries. They modified beaches to increase the size of the habitat for marine life like clams and crabs. When people began to domesticate animals, they chose species that were already somewhat calm around humans. Then, over time, they selec�tively bred them to favor different traits that made the animals more docile, or easier to control. Humans chose to raise and eat mostly herbivores (plant eat�ers). They observed over countless generations that carnivores (meat eaters) were difficult to capture and control. Surrounded by fields where plants and animals were raised, family homes grew over time into vil�lages or towns and eventually cities. Ultimately, farming and related technologies helped lead to the development of modern civilization.

Item Type: Book
Divisions: Perpustakaan > E-Book
Depositing User: Teguh Widodo
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2021 03:59
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2021 03:59
URI: https://sipora.polije.ac.id/id/eprint/4115

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